Each year, the National Low Income Housing Coalition (NLIHC) measures the availability of rental housing affordable to extremely low income households and other income groups. Based on the American Community Survey Public Use Microdata Sample (ACS PUMS), The Gap presents data on the affordable housing supply and housing cost burdens at the national, state, and metropolitan levels. This year’s report also examines the demographics, disability and work status, and other characteristics of extremely low income households most impacted by the national shortage of affordable and available rental housing.
Who are the Lowest Income Renters?
Of the 43.8 million renter households in the U.S., 11.2 million (more than one-quarter) have extremely low incomes at or below the poverty level or 30% of the area median income (AMI), whichever is higher. Extremely low income renters are more likely to be elderly or disabled or to have children than other renters. Nearly half (46%) of extremely low income renter households are elderly or disabled.
Black and Hispanic renter households are more likely to be extremely low income than white renters. Thirty-five percent of the 8.5 million non-Hispanic black renter households and 29% of the 8.4 million Hispanic renter households are extremely low-income. In comparison, 21% of the 23.2 million non-Hispanic white renter households are extremely low income.